Introduction to the Maturidis: Part 4 - The Period of Expansion and Spread, 700H to 1300H|
Thursday, December 17 2009 - by Maturidis.Com
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The 600 years from 700H to 1300H was the period in which the Maturidi creed gained its prominence and this was particularly due to political backing through the Uthmaani State (Hanafi Ottomans), and by way of it the creed spread to many different Muslim lands, from the East to the West.
In this period the authorship of works increased significantly in the fields of kalaam and exegetical works (shurooh), and explanations of the explanations, and marginal commentaries (hawaashi) on those explanations. From the prominent figures in the earlier part of this period is Sa'd at-Taftazani (d. 794H), and he authored numerous works including "Sharh al-Aqaa'id an-Nasafiyyah" an explanation of Najm ud-Deen's "al-Aqaa'id an-Nasafiyyah".
Towards the end of this period, approaching 1300H, a number of schools appeared which continued the call to Maturidiyyah and they are:
The Deobandi School: The Deobandis gave concern to authoring in the field of hadeeth and exegetical works, and they are also Mutasawwifah (Soofees), and amongst some of them are found the innovations of the grave-worshippers as witnessed against them in the book "al-Muhannad alal-Mufannad" by Shaykh Khaleel Ahmad as-Sahaaranafooree, and this book is itself one of the important works of the Deobandis in aqidah, and it propounds the Maturid aqidah.
The Maturidi creed today is spread through the vehicle of these schools, the most fervent of them being the Kawthariyyah, with the greatest of enmity towards the aqidah of the Salaf coming from the Kawthariyyah.