Thursday, 30 October 2014    HomeAbout UsContact Us     



You are here: Home / Articles
Imaam Abu Hanifah (d. 150H) and the Splitting and Deviation of the Hanafis After Him Into Diverse Factions and Sects
Filed under: Articles
Friday, December 18 2009 - by Maturidis.Com
Key topics: Abu Hanifah Hanafi Hanafis

Bookmark and Share

Mail to a FriendPrinter friendly

Abu Hanifah and His Students Were Upon the Aqidah of Ahl us-Sunnah, the Righteous Salaf

It is agreed upon by the people of verification that Imaam Abu Hanifah (d. 150H), and this two companions Abu Yusuf Ya'qub bin Ibraaheem al-Ansaaree (d. 182H) and Muhammad bin al-Hasan ash-Shaybaanee (d. 189H), and others besides them likewise Abu Ja'far at-Tahaawi (d. 321H) were all upon the Salafi aqidah, and they are also from the generality of the Salaf of this ummah, like the other prominent scholars and Imaams of Ahl us-Sunnah in that time.

Many factions of the innovators from the later Hanafis ascribed to these scholars that they settled upon deviant beliefs, such as the saying of the creation of the Qur'an, or rejection of Allah's uluww and all of this is from the inventions and fabrications of the people of innovation against the scholars of Islaam, in order to beautify and spread their innovations amongst the people.

There are a number of issues mentioned by the Scholars of the Sunnah and Hadeeth in relation to Abu Hanifah himself in that he used to speak with the creation of the Qur'an, but they also mentioned that he was asked to repent from that, and that after repenting, his affair remained upright, upon what would be presumed about this Imaam, and thereafter many of the Scholars of the Sunnah declared him innocent of this saying, from the head of them Imaam Ahmad.

And Shaykh al-Albaanee says in Mukhtasar al-Uluww that most of what has been narrated about Abu Hanifah in this regard, that he spoke with the creation of the Qur'an is not free of criticism, and that if anything from it is authentic then it is all before Abu Yusuf, his student, debated him on the issue, after which his view became that it is uncreated.

Adh-Dhahabee brings with a good (jayyid) chain of narration, as occurs in Mukhtasar al-Uluww (p. 155) from Alee bin al-Hasan al-Kuraa'ee who said: Abu Yusuf said:

I debated Abu Hanifah for six months, and then our view became united that the one who said the Qur'an is created is a kaafir.

And al-Bayhaqi also relates this in al-Asmaa was-Sifaat, narrating from Abdullaah bin Ahmad bin Abdur-Rahmaan bin Abdullaah ad-Dushtaki who said: "I heard Abu Yusuf saying..", then he mentioned it, and then he (al-Bayhaqi) said: "Abu Abdullaah (meaning al-Haakim) said, "All of its narrators are thiqaat"."

Further, there are hundreds of narrations from Abu Hanifah and Abu Yusuf indicating that they were clearly upon the way of the Salaf in the affairs of creed. The only thing that can be said is regarding the issue of eemaan (faith), for it is reported from him that he said that eemaan is "tasdeeq" (assent, belief) with the heart and affirmation with the tongue but actions (amal) is outside of the reality of eemaan" - and this is a form of irjaa' (expelling actions from eemaan). However, Abu Ja'far at-Tahawi reports a narration regarding an incident in which a discussion took place between the two Imaams, Abu Hanifah (d. 150H) and Hammaad bin Zayd (d. 179H) which indicates that he returned back from that saying.

The Splitting and Deviation of the Hanafis

Unfortunately, many of the Hanafis did not traverse the way of Imaam Abu Hanifah and his students. For many false beliefs entered into them from an early stage, close to the time of this Imaam, and they became callers to corruption, deviation and were the heads of innovations and desires. Many different factions appeared amongst them, and they can be summarized as follows:

  • The Hanafiyyah Jahmiyyah
  • The Hanafiyyah Mu'tazilah
  • The Hanafiyyah Murji'ah
  • The Hanafiyyah Shi'ah
  • The Hanafiyyah Zaydiyyah
  • The Hanafiyyah Karraamiyyah Mushabbihah
  • The Hanafiyyah Mareesiyyah
  • The Hanafiyyah Soofiyyah, or Mutasawwifah and beneath which are the four tariqahs:
    • The Qaadiriyyah
    • The Chistiyyah
    • The Suhrawardiyyah
    • The Naqshabandiyyah
    • Also amongst them are the Hulooliyyah and Ittihaadiyyah, who are the extremist heretical deviants
  • The Hanafiyyah Qubooriyyah (Grave-Worshippers), amongst which are the Barelwiyyah, Kawthariyyah and some of the Deobandiyyah
  • The Hanafiyyah Maturidiyyah

And thus many of those ascribing to and claiming to follow Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullaah) swerved from his way specifically and from the way of the Salaf of this ummah generally, and they became many diverse sects, with the full acknowledgment of Hanafi Maturidis, and even the Kawthariyyah themselves. The only ones who followed the way of Abu Hanifah and his associates were the "Hanafiyyah Sunniyyah", or the "Hanafiyyah Salafiyyah", or the "Hanafiyyah Kaamilah", and all of these are expressions of al-Allaamah Abdul-Hayy al-Luknowi (a Hanafi Scholar, d. 1304H).

Reference for this article:

Important Note: Many of the innovators, from amongst the Ash'aris and Maturidis use what occurred from some of those who came after Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal ascribing themselves to him, of departure in certain areas of creed, as a route to attack the creed of Ahl us-Sunnah, the Righteous Salaf. It is important to remember the fact that whatever deviation occurred to those ascribing to Imaam Ahmad, amongst the Hanbalis who came after him in general, is, by the praise of Allaah, very small and insignificant compared to the deviations that occurred with those who ascribed themselves to Abu Hanifah, Imaam Malik and Imaam ash-Shaafi'ee (rahimahumullaah) - this is a matter of historical record. However, for the purpose of attacking the Salafi creed, the likes of the Ash'ariyyah and Maturidiyyah used the fact that there were some who departed from the creed of Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal as a means to attack the Hanbalis in general, and the Salafi creed in particular. This is really the subject of separate articles, but it is worthy to point out here as it has a broad connection to the topic of this article. To give one example, the likes of al-Qadi Abu Ya'laa (d. 458H), and Abu al-Hasan Ibn az-Zaghuni (d. 527H) were affected by the Kullaabi doctrine of negating what they referred to as hawaadith in reference to Allaah's sifaat fi'liyyah in some of their speech and some of the language of negation such as jism and jihah and so on. And while this is certainly not from the way of Imaam Ahmad and the Hanbalis in general, the Innovators have used such matters to deceive and confuse those who may be unaware and to bolster and support their own doctrines in the process. This method is taken because their own doctrines do not stand on their own merits, and thus, a bit of scaremongering is a necessity so that their own creed becomes more palatable. A classical example is their attachment to Ibn al-Jawzee and his writings - and that's the subject of another article.



Link to this article:   Show: HTML LinkFull LinkShort Link
Related Articles:
Add a Comment (comments are currently moderated)
You must be registered and logged in to comment.


Latest Articles
Abu Mansur al-Maturidi (d. 333H) on Imaan (Faith) and Irjaa': Part 1 - Concerning Tasdeeq and Ma'rifah
Imaam Abu Hanifah (d. 150H) and the Splitting and Deviation of the Hanafis After Him Into Diverse Factions and Sects
Introduction to the Maturidis: Part 4 - The Period of Expansion and Spread, 700H to 1300H
Introduction to the Maturidis: Part 3 - The Period of Authorship, Codification and Formalization, 500H to 700H
Introduction to the Maturidis: Part 2 - Formation of the Madhhab: The First Two Centuries to 500H
Introduction to the Maturidis: Part 1 - Brief Introduction to the Sect and Its Founder
Search This Site

 Other Websites
 Asharis.Com
 Aqidah.Com
 AboveTheThrone.Com

Most Popular
Abu Mansur al-Maturidi (d. 333H) on Imaan (Faith) and Irjaa': Part 1 - Concerning Tasdeeq and Ma'rifah
Introduction to the Maturidis: Part 1 - Brief Introduction to the Sect and Its Founder
Imaam Abu Hanifah (d. 150H) and the Splitting and Deviation of the Hanafis After Him Into Diverse Factions and Sects
Introduction to the Maturidis: Part 3 - The Period of Authorship, Codification and Formalization, 500H to 700H
Introduction to the Maturidis: Part 4 - The Period of Expansion and Spread, 700H to 1300H
Introduction to the Maturidis: Part 2 - Formation of the Madhhab: The First Two Centuries to 500H

Tags
abu hanifah abu mansur al-maturidi eemaan faith hanafi hanafis irjaa' maturidis maturidiyyah shams ud-din al-afghani

Archives
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009


Maturidis.Com. All rights reserved.
Find Arabic Course good resource